Chapter 1. Obsession
Early in the morning, on August 21, 1987, two men entered the office of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, quietly opening the tall and seemingly heavy oak doors. The general secretary of the CPSU, was completely immersed in the study of some documents and gestured without looking at the early visitors (strange, why without a report…?!) he motioned them to the chairs next to his desk. But the customers, not responding to his gesture, remained standing silently at the front door.
It was going to be a tough day. The last days of August were almost all hard and stressful. And the hardest part of them was talking to people, responsible government officials. Even more difficult were the conversations with his close associates, the people on whom the most important thing in the country depended – the course of perestroika and the situation in the country, which continued to deteriorate, despite the fact that his government took more and more steps to reverse the negative trends in the footsteps of the huge country. Perhaps only the international situation of the USSR remained more or less positive. The leaders of the Western world began to trust him more and more, the president of the USSR, and supported his program of reforms: perestroika, glasnost and acceleration. Thank you, Shevardnadze, he turned out to be reliable and calm (surprisingly for a Georgian!) his assistant in these matters. The Central Committee of Ukraine reported on the growing acute and alarming nationalist tendencies among the population of the western regions of Ukraine and asked for advice.
– Can you temporarily curtail glasnost?! They considered her to be responsible for the arousal of the people’s mass (the hromada) and a sharp surge of nationalist and even separatist (independent) sentiments, both in the urban environment and in the rural environment. This was especially noticeable in the western regions of Ukraine, where nationalist, chauvinist and separatist sentiments have always existed. From time to time, they flared up, heated up in the people’s community, giving the central government of Soviet Ukraine a fair headache in trying, if not to overcome in the bud, then at least to extinguish, reduce the acute and disturbing trends of the nationalist, anti-Russian frenzy on the western outskirts of greater Ukraine.